This is how the question is;
Epistemological Violence ; What is Knowledge? What are the Implications of our underlying assumptions in psychology?
Decolonization; Why do we need to decolonize psychology? what are the consequences of not decolonizing psychology?
This is the Answer to the question in Essay format:
Knowledge refers to the concept of being informed of the actuality of something. Learning and experience are some of the experience are some of the major ways through which knowledge is acquired. Little research has been conducted on the concept of everyday living especially in regards to human learning. Harmony and disjuncture are the two states which exist in the life world. Practical and theoretical aspects formulate our basis on the understanding of knowledge. Epistemology focuses on providing more insights between reality and human knowledge. In order to embrace neutrality, knowledge derivation has also been derived from the scientific concept. It is less affected by different political opinions, prejudice or emotions. Both human thoughts and aspects of the tangible world. The creation of daily knowledge depends heavily on global understandings. The lives and realities of community members are well represented by various representations which can be found in the mental segment of peoples’ lives (Hodgetts, et al., 2010). The processing of information occurs in the head thereby leading to the production of knowledge as affirmed on the perspective of social cognition.
We can underestimate our reality since we are in concordance with it. Yet, the world is not a consistent and perpetual place, thus there are times when we can’t underestimate it and we are compelled to make inquiries. In any case, frequently, as we develop more established, we don’t pose the questions so transparently and we simply modify our conduct or our insight base despite the fact that there are times when we may not see that we are doing it. We really underestimate this procedure thus a lot of our learning is not just coincidental, it is unrecognized (Hodgetts, et al., 2010). In this sense, learning is both experiential and existential – the philosophical and human premise of learning is regularly missed in hypothetical talk about learning. Nevertheless, it’s inverse on the grounds that we would prefer dependably not to change our conduct, we in some cases need to change the world
Implications of our underlying assumptions in psychology
In view of authentic and hypothetical reflections it is contended that hypothesis can’t be destroyed from psychology and that it is a vital piece of experimental research, particularly when it concerns the elucidation of information. The nature of those interpretative hypotheses of information is especially significant when they concern human gatherings and contrasts between them. The term epistemological violence (EV) is acquainted all together with recognized translations that build the `Other’ as hazardous or mediocre, with verifiable or unequivocal negative outcomes for the `Other,’ notwithstanding when observational results take into account significant, similarly convincing, elective understandings (Hodgetts, et al., 2010). These elucidations of information are displayed as `knowledge’ when, actually, mischief is dispensed through them. Cases of EV with regards to `race’ are quickly talked about. The idea of EV additionally exhibits that the customary partition of `is’ and `ought’ is tricky.
The dynamic and evocative resistance to colonial forces that lead to mental or bodily exploitation and subjugation is referred to as decolonization. The main objective is to achieve indigenous liberation through the de-establishment of colonial ideologies and structures. Our mental status is the first organ to be affected by decolonization. The legitimacy of colonization has to be embraced by the perpetrator and accepted by the individual being colonized. The concept of legitimacy has to be questioned before embracing the process of decolonization (France, 2010). Formulation of strategies to repel colonial elements is imminent once the magnitude of this injustice is recognized. Praxis is a component that plays a significant role when it comes to the process of decolonization. Different reasons explaining the significance of decolonizing psychology.
The importance of decolonizing psychology
Globally, there is an improvement in the circumstances surrounding the personal lives of indigenous peoples. However, there are some instances where regarding the violation of human rights. Decolonization is regarded as a primary process in ensuring a bright future for the indigenous peoples. The major components of decolonization include affirmation of rights, cultural re-establishment, legitimacy and recovery process. The main aim focuses on cultural and language preservation improving accessibility to land rights and resources. In the present world, there is need for scholars to focus on the process of colonialism and how they will redress underlying issues. There is need to focus on the basic aspects of research through in-depth knowledge of values, motivations and assumptions.
Decolonization offers the only solution to modify the stratification of the post-colonial era. Colonial mindset is shown distinctively and consolidated into individuals’ lives in various ways for various reasons, and with a specific end goal to move past pioneer attitude is the way toward decolonizing. To effectively decolonize, numerous structures have to be put into place (Sherwood, 2009). Different methods for decolonizing in the “naming” class includes learning history, to comprehend the significance of “loss of social memory”, to see how loss of dialect influences character, to recuperate the individual, and to name the “oppressor and harsh social structures.
The other importance of decolonization regards the issue of postcolonial theory. It endeavors to move the overwhelming approaches in which individuals see the world. Post colonialism guarantees the privilege surprisingly on this planet to a similar material and social prosperity (Nelson and Prilleltensky, 2010). Post-colonialism “identifies a political issue and a theory of activism” that challenges the inescapable imbalance on earth. In an unexpected way, it resumes against pioneer battles of the past. Truly, European forces, considered the west, subjected numerous locales, the non-west, to colonial rule.
Postcolonial hypothesis likewise recognizes that national autonomy has been accomplished in numerous nations and majority have achieved postcolonial status. Nonetheless, it perceives that the significant world forces have not changed since this decolonization had occurred and a type of mastery regularly still proceeds, and keeps on bolstering off of bigotry (Sherwood, 2009). One case of this thought today is neocolonialism, where expansionism goes up against the type of social colonialism, private enterprise, and globalization
Consequences of not decolonizing psychology
One of the consequences of not decolonizing psychology is the possibility of racial oppression. Colonial imperialism and colonialism are some of the effects still affecting people within the society. Colonialism results the development of colonial mentality whereby individuals attach significant importance to the values embraced by the dominant culture rather than their own. It is regarded as an in internalized racial domination which focuses on the internalization of the values, beliefs and attitudes of the dominant cultural group while on the negative side, there is a devaluation of concepts represented an individual. Generally, “the main group has the ability to characterize and name reality, figuring out what is ‘ordinary’, ‘genuine’, furthermore, ‘revise'” and as a result, “overlooks, rebates, distorts, or kills the target group’s dialect, history and culture.
The consequences may be further divided into phases. The first phase is known as “ethnic consciousness” which is the point at which one is just conscious of their own ethnicity since they are not subjected to different societies. The second phase is “absorption to prevailing society” which is having an inclination of predominant culture over one’s own and could proceed all through whatever remains of grown-up life. The third phase comprises “social-political arousing” when one starts to notice social treachery and racial imbalances, there are increments in political consciousness, also, increases a new point of view (Sherwood, 2009).
France, M. F. M. (2010). Fanon and the Decolonization of Philosophy. E. A. Hoppe, & T. Nicholls (Eds.). Lexington Books.
Hodgetts, D., Drew, N., Sonn, C., Stolte, O., Nikora, L. W., & Curtis, C. (2010). Social psychology and everyday life. Palgrave Macmillan.
Nelson, G., & Prilleltensky, I. (Eds.). (2010). Community psychology: In pursuit of liberation and well-being. Palgrave Macmillan.
Sherwood, J. (2009). Who is not coping with colonization? Laying out the map for decolonization. Australasian Psychiatry, 17(sup1), S24-S27.